In preschool, children learn about the five senses — vision, hearing, smell, touch, and taste.  But there are actually two more senses.  Proprioception helps one know where the body is in space. states, “proprioception is the ability to sense stimuli arising within the body regarding position, motion, and equilibrium.”  Vestibular provides information of head placement in space to gravity by way of semicircular canals in the middle ear.

Proprioceptive, vestibular, and tactile input are critical for sensory-motor development.  An individual receives sensory information and integrates it with motor systems to manage head, torso and limbs in space against gravity for a specific task.  Movement is learned. Experience is the sculptor of the brain to solidify connections. Individuals learn movement and postural adjustments through sensory feedback.

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